The First Fleet
In 1786 the British government sent convicts to Botany Bay to establish a British colony under the command of Naval Officer Arthur Phillip. On 13 May 1787 eleven sailing vessels and more than thirteen hundred people, including seven hundred and fifty prisoners, comprised the First Fleet and set sail from Portsmouth Harbour. It was an horrendous voyage, lasting for more than eight months, it was the beginning of European Australian settlement. Factual but an easy read.